Scientific Program

Conference Series Ltd invites all the participants across the globe to attend 15th International Conference on Agriculture & Horticulture Barcelona, Spain.

Day 1 :

Conference Series Agri 2020 International Conference Keynote Speaker Vakhtang Barbakadze photo
Biography:

Vakhtang Barbakadze has his expertise in isolation and structure elucidation of a new series of plant polyethers, which are endowed with pharmacological properties as anticancer agents. Besides, he interested in enantioselective synthesis and biological activities of basic monomeric moiety of these biopolyethers, synthesis of enantiomerically pure epoxides as chiral building blocks for the production of synthetic analogues of natural polyethers. In 1978 and 1999 he has completed his Ph.D and D.Sci., respectively. In 2006 up to date he is the Head of Department of Plant biopolymers and Chemical Modification at Tbilisi State Medical University Institute of Pharmacochemistry. In 1996 and 2002 he has been a visiting scientist at Utrecht University, The Netherlands, by University Scholarship and The Netherlands organization for scientific research (NWO) Scholarship Scientific Program, respectively. He has published more than 100 papers in reputed journals. In 2004 he was Georgian State Prize Winner in Science and Technology.

Abstract:

The Boraginaceae family comprises a group of plants that are important for medicine and pharmaceutics. The therapeutic effect of these plants is related to the content of many biologically active compounds. However, these plants are also rich in hepatotoxic pyrrolizidine alkaloids. The high molecular (>1000 kDa) water-soluble preparations from medicinal plants of Symphytum asperum, S.caucasicum, S.officinale, S.grandiflorum,  Anchusa italica, Cynoglossum officinale and Borago officinalis (Boraginaceae) were investigated. The fractionation of aforenamed preparations by means of ultrafiltration on membrane filter with cut off value of 1000 kDa permitted completely remove toxic pyrrolizidine alkaloids. Consequently the use of above mentioned plants does not rise any objection. The main chemical constit­uent of high molecular preparations was found  to be poly[oxy-1-carboxy-2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)ethylene] or poly[3-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)glyceric acid] (PDPGA)(1) (Fig. 1) according to data of liquid-state 1H, 13C NMR, 2D 1H/13C  HSQC, 2D DOSY and solid-state 13C NMR spectra. The polyoxyethylene chain is the backbone of this polymer molecule with a residue of 3-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)glyceric acid (2) (Fig. 2.) as the repeating unit. PDPGA as a phenolic derivative of poly(glyceric acid ether) belongs to a class of an acidic polysaccharides [poly(sugar acids)]. PDPGA exhibited anticomplementary, antioxidant, antiinflammatory, burn and wound healing and anticancer activities (Fig. 3). Human Hyaluronidase (Hyal-1) degrades high molecular Hyaluronic acid into smaller fragments which have pro-inflammatory effects. PDPGA possessed the ability to inhibit the enzymatic activity of Hyal-1 completely. Consequently PDPGA exhibited anti-inflammatory efficacy. Besides, PDPGA exerted anticancer activity in vitro and in vivo against androgen-dependent (LNCaP)  and –independent (22Rv1)   human prostate cancer (PCA) cells with comparatively lesser cytotoxicity towards non-neoplastic human prostate epithelial cells PWR-1E. PDPGA induced apoptotic death by activating caspases, and also strongly decreased androgen receptor and prostate specific antigen expression by 87%. Overall, this study identifies PDPGA as a potent agent against PCA without any toxicity, and supports its clinical application.

Conference Series Agri 2020 International Conference Keynote Speaker Qing Wang photo
Biography:

Dr. Qing Wang is an ecologist with ten years research experience. Her educational includes B.S. in Computer Sciences and M.S. and Ph.D. in Forest Conservation Science. Since Jan 2019, she holds a Project Management Officer position at Asia-Pacific Network for Sustainable Forest Management and Rehabilitation (APFNet). She continues her research as a Postdoctoral Fellow at The University of British Columbia (2019-present). Her studies aiming at livelihood improvement and forest conservation, more recently focusing on human activity effects of agriculture land extend, forest degradation and deforestation, ecosystem services, and climate change. Her research has spanned multiple inter-disciplines to meet sustainable forest management goals, covering agroforestry establishment, yield improvement and genetic conservation of bioenergy tree species. Dr. Qing published over 10 peer-reviewed journal articles and book chapters.

Abstract:

Agroforestry systems play a vital role in sustainable forest management as they balance livelihood improvement and forest conservation, particularly in the Asia-Pacific Region, where poverty, intensive lands use, deforestation, and forest degradation are common. Species selection is an essential key factor in agroforestry establishment. Here, we explored agroforestry patterns with their intrinsic connections affecting the Asia-Pacific Region economy. We reviewed the literatures across 12 Asia-Pacific Region economies and determined that a total of 108 species belonging to 95 genus and 49 families formed this region agroforestry engine, and conducted Rule and Maptree analyses to unravel the various employed agroforestry patterns. Our results show: 1) on the species-family level, species selection significantly differed among economies, while the most common family-species combination were identified for each economy; 2) on the species-genera level, the studied economies, according to their most common used species, can be divided into three similar groups: a) Thailand, Vietnam, Papua New Guinea and Fiji with Hevea, Oryza, Eucalyptus, Acacia, and Zea; b) Nepal and China (Yunnan) with Zea, Leucaena, Morus, and Hevea; and c) Indonesia and the Philippines with Oryza, Hevea, Zea, and Brassica. In conclusion, the observed different agroforestry patterns among the studied economies indicated the need for a significant information sharing within the region. The Agroforestry systems need to be extend to Cambodia, Malaysia, Myanmar and Lao PDR. We conclude that the most common species combination should be widely adopted within each economy, while lessons learnt from existing genera-level agroforestry models should be duplicated and tested within each similar economy group. Although, this study focused on high-level taxonomy classification (family and genera), the results would shed light on the opportunities and challenges for future cooperation in agroforestry.

  • Agriculture

Session Introduction

Diego Comparini

Florence University, Italy

Title: Plant stem electrical properties associated with stress conditions in plants

Time : 00:00

Biography:

I got my PhD in Agro-biotecnology for tropical production in Florence studying the mechanisms involved in the early stages of the chemical and electrical response to gravity in root tips. It also involved the investigation of biomaterials inspired by plant (biomimetic) and their potential application for soil exploration. I did my post-doc in Japan at the University of Kitakyushu focusing on the effect of light through the use of LEDs technologies for plant researches. I’m currently doing a Marie Sklodowska-Curie individual fellowships project in collaboration with the University of Wageningen (The Netherland). The project aim is to develop automated hydroponic systems that use high frequency pulsing-light and intermittent/alternate nutrient supply to optimize resources and plant acclimation. The main research involve the interpretation of the electrical activity of plant to develop automated hydroponic cultivation system driven by the plant “itself” able to optimize/control the supply of light, water and nutrients.

Abstract:

Statement of the Problem: The analysis of the electrophysiological activity of plants permits a real-time information of the plant status (e.g. light availability and water stress). However, even though it is clear that the role of the electrical signals in plant is crucial, especially in processes involving the propagation of rapid signals, a systematic approach for the interpretation of the electrical patterns is still missing. Methodology & Theoretical Orientation: this presentation aims to elucidate long term electrical analysis related to plant stress. For example, the analysis of the physiological status of each plant has been used to correlate different water stress intensities with specific electrical patterns. Here we present a methodology based on a continuous monitoring of several plants in vivo, in a non-destructive way, for a long period through a new set-up that consists of a multielectrodes system able to detect the electrical signals on several plants (or in different zones of the same plant). Findings: the electrical properties measurement has been utilized to monitor several parameters (i.e. water stress) of each plant and to evaluate if it was possible to establish when the plant was facing the stress, the timing of the recovery and eventually to differentiate the intensity of the stress (i.e. mild, high or no stress). The comparison between the physiological parameters of the plants and the electrical measurements has highlighted the possibility to use such electrical signal to obtain information on the plant status. Conclusion & Significance: multi-electrodes approach can be easily applied for monitoring a few plants as “biosensor” to estimate the status of a more numerous group of plants subjected to similar conditions. The set-up could provide a useful tool for monitoring water conditions in plants and has several potential applications for sensor and automatic system in greenhouse or field.

Biography:

Edwin M. Puhagan, since joining the Tawi-Tawi Regional Agricultural College, she has been involved with studies related to agricultureand the related fields in the province. Before joining Institution, Dr. Puhaganmerged himselfin Locomotive impulses for environment protection and management. Since 2008Dr. Puhagan worked as a Dean of Student Affairs, as Director for Special concerns, Faculty of Agriculture Department. He currently the Director for Production of the college.

Abstract:

Fertilizer pollution and contamination in soil can go on to severely impact plants, animals and eventually humans which totally destroys ecological diversity.Bioremediation is an effective, efficient and increasingly popular method of removing contaminants from polluted soil. This study contemplates improvised organic fertilizers as one bioremediation process to help regain soil fertility and ecological stability of the farming environment.However, the possibility of using improvised organic fertilisers which are known to bring together essential nutrients to the soil has not been heavily researched though this solution holds a lot of potentials as it could solve two significant global issues (pollution and food waste).Sea Urchins Spines, Banana Peels, Papaya Peels Extract and Fish remains are common food wastes that commonly serve no further purpose once the food is consumed. This study gives feedback on the importance of the improvised organic fertilizers as it enhances economic and ecological contribution to both farmers and farming. These were measured on the yields of common crops and incomes of the farmers. Four different kinds of cash crop used in this experimental study to include peanut, bellpepper and string beans and corn distributed to four different concentrations of improvised organic fertilizers such as “Concentrated Mixture of Ripe Banana Peels and Papaya Extract for peanut, Concentrated Mixture of Triturated Sea Urchin Spines and Basil Extract for Bellpepper, Concentrated mixture of Algae and Wild Basil Extract for Corn, and Concentrated mixture of FFAA and Seaweed Extract for String beans”.An RCBD(Randomised Complete Block Design) was used to analyse the data where it resulted good responses of crops in terms of yield and the income of the local farmers.

Biography:

Channakeshava S, Assistant Professor, Soil Science &Agricultural Chemistry ,College of Agriculture,Karekere,Hassan serving in the UAS, GKVK, Bengaluru since 2007 and completed 13 years in the cadre of Assistant Professor during the period worked as Scientist(SS&AC) in Krishi Vigyan Kendra for the period of  12 years. Published 8 Research paper in National and International journals, Published 22  Extension leaf folders ,10 Technical Bulletins 2 TV programme and 10 Radio programmes. Established Soil Testing Laboratory at KVK for  testing soil samples of farmers. Developed Soil Health Cards and issued to famers with fertilizer recommendations. Attended National Review  workshop of KVK at North Goa and at Wynadu. Organized Important events world soil Day, World Food Day, Women in Agriculture Day  and Farmers Day.

Abstract:

A field experiment was conducted during Rabi 2017 at KVK K, Hassan to study the effect of soil and foliar application of zinc and boron on growth, yield and micro nutrient  uptake of chickpea with twelve treatments and replicated thrice using RCBD. Results revealed that significantly higher plant height ,number of branches,  total biomass 1944 (kg ha-1) and seed yield (1262 Kg ha-1) was recorded with POP + foliar application of Zn as ZnSO4 @ 0.5 % + B as Solubor @ 0.2 % (T11) and on par with POP + soil application of ZnSO4  @ 15  kg ha-1 + Solubor @ 5 kg ha-1 (T12) and  POP (T2). Higher zinc (15.14 mg/kg &14.07 mg/kg), boron (18.18 mg/kg& 15.39 mg/kg), copper(15.21 mg/kg &11.18 mg/kg), Manganese (42.43 mg/kg &35.58 mg/kg) and Iron (86.81 &70.89 mg/kg) in seed and haulm recorded in T11 (POP+ foliar spray of Zn as ZnSO4 @ 0.5 % + B as Solubor @ 0.2 %) and the lowest was found in  control (T1). Significantly higher uptake of Zinc ,boron ,copper ,manganese and iron was recorded in T11treatment and lowest uptake of nutrient recorded in control.

Biography:

Mr. Karuppanchetty Somasundaram, Ernst and Young LLP

Abstract:

This paper presents a successful model of micro irrigation with an inbuilt institutional mechanism that ensures knowledge transfer, agronomical support, access to quality inputs and high value market to farmers in arid and semi-arid regions.
The model is being implemented at one of the World’s Largest Drip Irrigation Site in Bagalkot district of Karnataka1. It is potentially irrigating 24,000 hectares and benefiting 15,000 farmers. Krishna Bhagya Jal Nigam Limited (KBJNL), one of the Water Corporation of Government of Karnataka conducted a feasibility study on adopting Drip Irrigation and the findings revealed that due to high water use efficiency (WUE) in Drip Irrigation System 12571 Ha can now be irrigated with only 1.43 TMC of water thus saving 1.34TMC of water. The saved water of 1.34 TMC had the potential to double the total irrigated area. This has cut down the cost of future irrigation for KBJNL and helped farmers in almost halving their irrigation cost and labour cost.
In addition, Farmers are organised under Water User Associations’, a community collective that drives the project and trained and equipped as a seller institution to promote collective marketing. Aggregation through Water User Associations enables farmers to directly trade with big buyers eliminating the middlemen thus accruing appreciated price for their produce. Water User Associations are registered as Cooperative Societies and the project envisions creating independent groups in the longer run, which will have the potential to drive larger socio-economic transformation for the region.

Biography:

Aminu Suleiman Abdulhamid, Federal University, Gashua, Nigeria

Abstract:

Diospyros mespiliformis is the largest genus in Ebenaceae that has more than 500 species with remarkable economical values, especially Diospyros kaki Thunb which has traditionally been used as an important food resource in China, Korea, and Japan. The tree has multipurpose uses including timber, edible fruits, and traditional uses. The tree is used for both traditional and popular medicine in various traditions. It has antioxidant, Anti-inflammatory, therapy for insomnia, antihemintic and enzyme-inhibitory.  The tree is a native to Africa, Asia and some part of Europe. Leaves are usually simple, alternate, and coriaceous. In most African countries, fruits from the tree are normally consumed as fruits and also as antibiotic; the leaves are feed by animals especially camels. In Nigeria, the genus is mostly found in the extreme northern part of the country. The people in the rural area collect this fruits and sell them make their source of livelihood. The aim of this review is to search and itemize the recent findings pertaining to the medicinal and traditional value of this genus. In addition, the review also attempts to identify some local utilization of this genus with the aim of creating further awareness on the important of this genus to mankind.

Biography:

Adegbenjo Ayanyemi Elizabeth was born on 13th of September 1988. I attended Araromi Nursery and Primary School, Oyo between 1992-1998 where I obtained Primary School Leaving Certificate in 1998; Olivet Baptist High School, Oyo between 1998-2004 where I obtained West African School Certificate in 2004; University of Agriculture, Abeokuta between 2005- 2010 where I obtained Bachelor of Forestry and Wildlife Management 2010;  Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta between 2012-2014 where I obtained Master of Forestry (Forest Economics) and Management 2014 and PhD in 2019.   

Abstract:

Statement of the problem- Inadequate food supplies, diminishing quality of health, and increasing environmental deterioration are three key underlying problems affecting our future well-being in Africa. The magnitude of these problems is set to increase as the population continues to grow. However, despite the numerous, nutritional, health benefits and medicinal values of mushrooms, its importance in food security, especially in developing nations is not appreciated. Therefore, mushroom is considered in this study to identify the economic importance and the consumption rate of mushrooms in a way it will help to reduce disease incidences and alleviate hidden hunger in southwestern Nigeria. Methodology- Non-probability sampling method was used to select 20 Local Government Areas (LGAs) from 3 states and four communities were selected purposively from each LGAs. Snow-ball sampling approach was used in selecting 5 respondents from each community, making a total of 400 respondents. Descriptive statistics was used to check the differences in the consumption of local (wild) and Exotic (cultivated) mushroom species. Also, the consumption rate of mushroom to other mushroom substitutes was determined with descriptive statistics and logit regression was used to identify the factors influencing mushroom consumption in the study areas. Findings- most mushroom consumers preferred exotic mushroom species to local mushrooms because of its taste, appearance, availability, shelf-life and poisonous treat. Also, mushroom is considered to be a bit expensive when compared with meat, fish, and egg but cheaper than snail and crayfish among others. Logit regression showed that age (3.21), household size (2.17), nutritional benefit (2.41) and medicinal benefits (2.17) had significant (p<0.01) effects on mushroom consumption. Conclusion- mushroom has wide acceptance among the general populace, good for food and medicine. Reccommendation- awareness should be created through agricultural policy on the need for mushroom gathering and cultivation and its consumption in Nigeria.

Biography:

Dário has his expertise in investment management, import, export and international representation services. He has 20 years of experience in international business and also works in social project management. He knows how to make the connections between suppliers with their national and international buyers. He has many connections in Brazil and other investor countries to whom his partners' projects and other products are presented. He conducts business roundtables and international business missions to bring partners closer to investors. For each completed trade, he uses 3% of the profit to be invested in social projects and thus help the communities that will benefit from these projects.

Abstract:

Biofertilizers obtained from limestone macroalgae of the genus Lithothamnium are basically composed of calcium carbonate, magnesium carbonate and various microelements such as Fe, Mn, B, Ni, Cu, Zn, Mo, Se and Sr. several applications can be highlighted: agriculture, drinking water, cosmetics industry, dietetics, bone surgery implants, animal nutrition and water treatment in lakes (Dias, 2000). In agriculture, Lithothamnium contributes to the improvement physical, chemical and biological soil. It corrects the soil acidity, promotes increased cation retention and increases the efficiency of phosphate fertilizers (Sousa et al., 2007). Algae extracts, when absorbed by seeds, added to the soil or sprayed on crops, stimulate the seed germination (HONG; HIEN; SON, 2007), the growth and the yield (KHAN et al., 2009) of various crops. Plants treated with seaweed extracts showed increased nutrient uptake (MANCUSO et al., 2006) and deep root development, improving lateral root formation and increased total root system volume (KUMAR; SAHOO, 2011). The effects of biofertilizer on pest and plant disease control have been well evidenced. Fungistatic, bacteriostatic and insect repellent effects have already been found. Santos and Sampaio (1993) verified a colloidal property of biofertilizer that causes the insect to adhere to the surface of plant tissue. The production of biofertilizers has contributed to the optimization of the utilization of organic residues generated in family-based properties. However, it is necessary that this process be used efficiently, so that the quality of the input obtained can provide the system with adequate inputs of nutrients and biological agents for the balanced development of plants (TIMM et al, 2004). Marine macroalgae have advantages such as rapid growth and large biomass production. Its use as a biofertilizer enhances the biotechnological use of marine biomass in the generation of alternative products for agriculture.

Biography:

1.Wine making technologist, master degree-2002.  2.Doctor of Agricultural sciences.  3.Reaserch issue is study of Biologically active stilbenoids in vine and wine.  4. Participation in International conferences and publication:

1. M.A. Surguladze,  M.G.Bezhuashvili , Change correlation of saperavi (Vitisvinifera L.) stilbenoides to wine type, 7th  Imternational Conference on Polyphenols and Health, Congress center Tours, France, 2015, October 27-30.

2.Surguladze M.,  Bezhuashvili M.,New stilbenoids - Miyabenols from saperavi grapes( Vitis vinifera L.) to wine. / 8 th international conference on polyphenols and health. 2017. October  3-6, Quebec, Canada,Abstract Book, p. 52

3.Surguladze, M., Bezhuashvili, M. Biological activity of some stilbenoids from grape saperavi (Vitis vinifera L.) ICP+TC 2018 XXIX International Conference on Polyphenols 9th Tannin Conference. 2018 , July 16-20.  Madison, USA

4. M.Surguladze, M.Bezhuashvili, M.Djaparidze , TRANSFORMATION OF  BIOLOGICALY ACTIVE STILBENOIDS  FROM SAPERAVI(Vitis vinifera L.) GRAPE TO WINE, 42 nd  OIV world congress  of Vine and Wine, Geneva, Switzerland, July 15-19, 2019

5.  Surguladze M.A.,  Bezhuashvili M.G., (2016) Impact of wine technology on the variability of resveratrol and piceids in Saperavi (Vitis vinifera L.) // Annals of Agrarian Sciences . doi: 10.1016/j.aasci.2016.10.002

6. Bezhuashvili  M,  Bavaresco L,  Tskhvedadze L,  Surguladze  M,   Shoshiashvili G, Elanidze  L,  Gagunashvili L,  Vashakidze P(2020) Change of Phytoalexins- Stilbenoids of grape skin Tsolikouri variety  (Vitis vinifera L.) in condition Grey mildew.  EurAsian Journal of BioSciences 14: 243-247.

Abstract:

Stilbenoids are characterized by various and high biological activity. From there activity spectrum  for plants is  important phytoalexin nature, which occurs in condition of fungicidal and bacterial infections.  Vine stilbenoids as phytoalexins and changing there physiological concentrations in condition of bacterial (Agrobacterium tumefaciens) and fungicidal  (Plasmopara viticola, Botrytis cinerea, Uncinula necator) diseases  are studied by us in Georgian red and white grape variety.  It was established stress-metabolite stilbenoids [1—5]. One of them is presented below in research. Changes of leaf stilbenoid concentration of the red grape variety Cabernet Sauvignon under downy mildew infection were studied. Samples of healthy and infected leaves were taken  from a 35- year-old vineyard, located in the Kakheti region (East Georgia), during July 2019.  The   total fraction of stilbenoids was  isolated by extraction with ethyl acetate,  a  “ Sephadex G25” column was utilized and the analysis was done by   HPLC/MS method. Downy mildew infection affected the stilbenoid leaf concentration as compared to healthy leaves.  trans-Resveratrol, trans-ε-viniferin and cis-piceid were the major detected stilbenoids.  trans-Resveratrol was higher  in infected leaves while trans- ε-viniferin   and cis- piceid  were lower, as compared to healthy leaves.

Biography:

Aku Ayuba Ambi was born in 1963. He obtained his Ph.D. in Agricultural Entomology in 2016 with the University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria. He is presently a chief lecturer with the College of Education, Gidan Waya, in Kaduna State of Nigeria. He has carried out a lot of researches and presented research paper in conferences and publish some research articles in reputable journals.

Abstract:

Pigeon pea, which is a subsistence crop and serve as a good source of protein to some resource poor farmers in Nigeria has been suffering from productivity-limiting factors. Among these factors are insect pests. In order to mitigate the challenges of these insect pests, field experiments were carried out at the Teaching and Research Farm of the University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria, to test the potency of four plant-derived insecticides against the major crop pests. Aqueous extracts (10% v/v) of the leaves of Hyptis suaveolens (HSE) and Zanthoxylum xanthoxyloides (ZXE), the seed oils (5% v/v) of Azadirachta indica (NSO) and Canarium schweinfurthii (CSO), all applied in Tetrapleura tetraptera solution, as well as cypermethrin + dimethoate (CP+DT), and T.  tetraptera solution (as control treatment) were assigned to plots laid in randomized complete block design with four replications in 2011 and three replications in 2012. Three weekly applications were made to pigeon pea commencing at 50% flowering. Densities of thrips, Megalurothrips sosjedti Trybom., legume pod borer, Maruca vitrata (Fab.), and the pod-sucking bug, Clavigralla tomentosicollis Stal., were quantified. Insect damage to pods and seeds, pod production and seed yield per plot were recorded. Pest densities were correlated with insect damage and crop yield. Data for all parameters were subjected to variance analysis and significantly different (P≤0.05) means were separated using Duncan’s Multiple Range test. The insecticides significantly reduced densities of thrips (79.5-99.3%), Maruca larvae (66.6-100.0%), and C. tomentosicollis (73.3-100.0%) in both cropping seasons. Floral damage by thrips and Maruca in insecticide-treated plots was reduced by 50.8-100.0% but no plant-derived insecticide was as effective as CP + DT. Reduction in pod damage ranged from 33.6-56.3% in insecticide-treated plots; only CSO consistently differed significantly from CT + DT. Pod yield in plots treated with HSE and ZXE were statistically comparable with those of plots treated with CT + DT. Treatment differences in seed yield were not significant except in 2011 when plots treated with ZXE gave lower yield than the plots treated with CT + DT. Seed yield loss mitigated by the applied insecticides ranged from 66.7-100.0%. It is evident that the plant-derived insecticides tested, particularly NSO, can substitute for CT + DT in the management of key field pests of pigeon pea.

Biography:

Alessandro Rossi is a physicists with more than 17 years’ experience in R&D in the smart sensing technologies applied to the environmental monitoring. He holds a Master degree in Physics and PhD in Experimental Physics and has worked as researcher in world-class Italian and international universities and research centers among which the Universities of Pisa, Siena and Trento (Italy), Tampere University of Technology (Finland), and the German Aerospace Center (DLR) in Stuttgart (Germany). Alessandro authored several international scientific peer-reviewed papers and one international patent. Currently he is the CTO and CEO of Alitec.

Abstract:

Solar irradiation is the most important input triggering photosynthesis in plants, i.e. the process that primary drives their growth and quality. It has been widelydemonstrated that diffuse irradiation, in particular, plays a substantial role for crop photosynthesis enhancement as well as for production improvement, for it creates a more homogeneous light profile in canopies, avoids photo-damage, and overall leads to a more efficient use of light by crops [1-5].

Despite the scientifically proven relevance of diffuse sunlight for crop photosynthesis enhancement, commercial light sensing technologies do not allow for the implementation of an effective and affordable automated control of shadings systems in precision horticultural practices.
For this reason, the shading process and, therefore, the production are not optimized.

To fill this gap, Alitec has developed a system gathering information about the type of sunlight available in greenhouses under continuously changing irradiation conditions, and of providing real-time input for controlling shading nets. The system represents an innovation to the extent that it makes available, affordable, and easy to implement the monitoring of the type of sunlight available to crops. Such step-forward in the precision agriculture domain is enabled by the CIS sensor, key component of the system: it is a dramatically innovative device capable of performing a full irradiation assessment broken into all components (direct and diffuse) of sunlight.

By making solar irradiation monitoring affordable & easy to implement, the CIS sensor allows for the uptake of real-time light type control systems in precision agriculture applications.

The proposed system features the CIS sensor mounted on two low cost, self-powered modules providing power, networking and wireless communication capacity to the sensors, along with the potential to complement the sunlight observation with a variety of other environmental parameters (temperature, wind, humidity, soil moisture, leaf wetness,.. ).

Biography:

Fiky Yulianto Wicaksono is a doctoral student at Padjadjaran University. His publications have reached 30, including journal articles, conference proceedings, and books. He has published several studies on the agronomy of wheat crops in the tropics and in recent years has examined job’s tears plants as an alternative food. The latest publication on job’s tears plants was entitled "Growth and Yield of Job’s Tears (Coix lacryma-jobi L.) Response to Different Types of Oldeman Climate Classification and Row Spacing in West Java Indonesia".  

Abstract:

Job’s tears (Coix lacryma-jobi L.) is one of the plants that can be used as an alternative food. The main problems of these plants are low yields and crops that are too high. One effort to correct these problems is by giving retardants. This study aimed to determine the growth and yield of job’s tears var. Stenocarpa by giving Chlormequat chloride (CCC) at various spraying frequencies. This research was conducted in the Experimental Garden of the Faculty of Agriculture, Padjadjaran University, Jatinangor District, Sumedang Regency, in July 2018 to February 2019 that used experimental method. The experiments were carried out on inceptisol soil and during the rainy season. This experiment used randomized block design with four CCC application frequency treatments (no application, 1 time, 2 times, and 3 times) 6 replications. All treatments were sprayed by 2000 ppm CCC. The results showed that giving CCC one time decreased plant height and leaf area index, but increased the number of tillers and number of grains. Further research must be conducted in other environmental conditions to see the effect of CCC accurately.

Biography:

Md. Mukul Mia has completed B.Sc. in Agriculture (Hons.), MS in Genetics and Plant Breeding, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh. He currently working Scientific Officer, Breeding Division, Bangladesh Rice Research Institute, Gazipur-1701, Dhaka/2016; and Scientific Officer, Breeding Division, Bangladesh Jute Research Institute, Manik Mia Avenue, Dhaka-1207, Jan/2017-present. No. of published papers: 8. Award: National Science and Technology Fellowship, Govt. of Bangladesh.

Abstract:

The breeding of tossa jute plant is the main way to develop its qualitative and quantitative traits like higher fiber yield with good qualities, but it is problematic due to narrow genetic base and high photosensitivity of jute plant. Bangladesh Jute Research Institute developed a new high yielding tossa jute (Corchorus olitorius L.) variety (MG-1) through pure line selection method during 2015-17. The tossa jute experimental materials were collected from Uganda used with control variety BJRI Tossa pat-5 (O-795). A variety (OM-1) with ovate glossy leaves, gray seeds was developed by hybridization from these genotypes. A segregated genotype (MG-1) with ovate lanceolate glossy leaves, bluish green seeds was isolated from OM-1 by pure line selection (PLS) from OM-1 through evaluation of yield and yield attributing traits. Then it was released as BJRI tossa pat-7 or MG-1 based on its fiber yield performance in fields. The MG-1 gave 3.36 t ha-1 fiber yield than control variety O-795 (3.22 t ha-1) by maintaining 3.50-4.00 lac ha-1 plant population in farmer’s field which is 5.41% higher comparatively. MG-1 gave average 3.40 t ha-1 fiber yields and showed good results for anatomical features. This high yielding variety will be used for quality fiber production in future.